"We must not allow this to happen".
Israel had lobbied Russian Federation against selling Iran the advanced air defense system.
Donald Trump claims that Iran and North Korea cooperate after Tehran's recent ballistic missile test-fire.
On Thursday, Iran's Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei, who has final say on all major policies in Iran, said Trump's "cheap, ugly, foolish and unreal" remarks before the UN General Assembly were a sign of desperation.
The Khoramshahr missile was first displayed at a military parade on Friday in Tehran. The video included footage from an on-board camera showing the detachment of the cone that could carry multiple warheads.
Speaking during Friday's parade, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani said Tehran would press ahead with strengthening its missile capabilities and military defenses, the state-run broadcaster Press TV reported.
On Saturday, Hatami stressed that Iran will wait for the permission of no country to boost its deterrent power, and will continue to produce different missiles and warfare systems. The White House has yet to respond to this latest test.
A ballistic missile is launched and tested in an undisclosed location, Iran, March 9, 2016. "Call on Iran to halt provocative acts", British Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson wrote on Twitter.
The Iranian president later accused Trump administration of finding "an excuse" to pull out of the landmark 2015 nuclear agreement that capped Iran's nuclear activities in return for the lifting of worldwide sanctions on Iran.
On Thursday, Iran's Foreign Minister Mohammad Javad Zarif rejected any new negotiation with the U.S. over extending the length or conditions of the 2015 deal.
Duff said to Fox News Business: "Iran has adhered to the specifics of the deal, but they don't need to do nuclear research themselves since the North Koreans are doing it for them". We don't know if we throw it out, and throw out all restraints if they will get a nuclear weapon in 6-9months...
"The weight of the Khorramshahr missile's warhead has been announced to be 1,800 kilos. making it Iran's most powerful missile for defense and retaliation against any aggressive enemy", state television said.
USA officials have pointed to Iran's missile tests, alleged support for terrorist groups and militias, and human rights abuses as threats to regional stability.
"We will promote our defensive and military power as much as we deem necessary", Rouhani told a military parade.