Myanmar's ruling party has held an interfaith rally to promote religious harmony as thousands of Rohingya Muslims continue to flee persecution in northern Rakhine state.
The findings are contained in the first comprehensive report on the crisis in Myanmar's Rakhine State by the U.N. Human Rights Office, after interviews with dozens of people on the ground.
Authorities in Myanmar, led by de facto leader Aug San Suu Kyi, have been tightly controlling access to Rakhine since August, when purported attacks by Rohingya fighters prompted a brutal military response that has forced over 515,000 Rohingya to flee for Bangladesh.
Rohingya refugees walk after crossing the Naf river from Myanmar into Bangladesh in Whaikhyang on October 9, 2017.
"In the light of the disproportionate use of force carried out by the security forces, the European Union and its member states will suspend invitations to the commander-in-chief of the Myanmar/Burma armed forces and senior military officers and review all practical defense cooperation", the agreement says, while calling on all sides to end violence immediately.
Some of those interviewed said that before and during attacks, megaphones were used to announce: "You do not belong here - go to Bangladesh". "Rohingya men aged 15 to 40 were reportedly arrested by the Myanmar police" and detained without any charges, she said. "If you do not leave, we will torch your houses and kill you".
Speaking to reporters in Geneva, researcher Thomas Hunecke also said the United Nations had "very credible information" that Myanmar's military had planted landmines along the Bangladesh border.
The ambassador urged the Burmese government to respect its obligations towards its people and protect their human rights and stop its systematic policy of ethnic cleansing against the Muslim minority.
"Efforts were taken to effectively erase signs of memorable landmarks in the geography of the Rohingya landscape and memory in such a way that a return to their lands would yield nothing but a desolate and unrecognizable terrain", it added.