Max Born: Pioneer of Quantum Mechanics


Max Born: Pioneer of Quantum Mechanics

Without quantum mechanics, advancements in medicine (including inventions like Medical Imaging Devices or MRIs), lasers and personal computing would have remained a dream.

For Max Born superfans, Google is asking readers to try to spot the wave function in today's Doodle, created by artist Kati Szilagyi.

Today, Google is celebrating the 135th birthday of Max Born with doodle.

Göttingen developed an global reputation for physics theory under Born's leadership, issuing doctorates to renowned mathematicians including Victor Weisskopf, Siegfried Flügge, Maria Goeppert-Mayer, and Robert Oppenheimer.

He was born on December 11, 1882 to Professor Gustav Born and Margarete.

After earning his Ph.D. from Göttingen University, Born would go on to serve a theoretical physics professor at the same university. Born was awarded the Nobel Prize for his contribution to the field of Quantum mechanics.

Born is best known for his development of the Born Rule, which uses probability to determine the location of wave particles in the quantum system.

Born was suspended from Göttingen when the Nazi Party came to power in 1933 because of his Jewish heritage. In Britain, Born worked at the University of Edinburgh as a Tait Professor of Natural Philosophy and continued to hold onto his post till he retired in 1954. However, Born discovered that matrices or "arrays of numbers by rows and columns" could yield a similar result, relying on predictions of probability. This method links both theory and experiment in a mathematical way, and can give rise to all the predictions typical for quantum physics. In 1915, Dr Born joined the German Armed Forces where he worked on the theory of sound ranging and where he studied the theory of crystals. In a career spanning over four decades, Born collaborated with several mathematicians, researchers, and universities, including a brief stint in Indian Institute of Science, Bengaluru along with Sir C.V. Raman.